Over the course of the 18th century, western architects left behind the flamboyant Baroque and Rococo styles. For inspiration, they returned to the serene principles and elements of classical Greece and Rome. In the 19th century, architects and their patrons had to adapt to different challenges. These included the invention of new types of buildings and communities.
Many exciting styles of architecture developed during that century in the search for appropriate forms. We'll see how technological, social, and political issues influenced widely varying architectural expressions
- Know the origins of the most prominent Western architectural styles of the period
- Connect social, political, and intellectual forces to architecture and urban form
- Understand the search for appropriate architectural expression during times of momentous social and industrial changes
- Identify the West's most significant 18th- and 19th-century buildings and architects
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Last updated December 24, 2020
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Unsolicited Idea Submission Policy
THIS PLATFORM OR ANY OF ITS EMPLOYEES DO NOT ACCEPT OR CONSIDER UNSOLICITED IDEAS, INCLUDING IDEAS FOR NEW ADVERTISING CAMPAIGNS, NEW PROMOTIONS, NEW PRODUCTS OR TECHNOLOGIES, PROCESSES, MATERIALS, MARKETING PLANS OR NEW PRODUCT NAMES. PLEASE DO NOT SEND ANY ORIGINAL CREATIVE ARTWORK, SAMPLES, DEMOS, OR OTHER WORKS. THE SOLE PURPOSE OF THIS POLICY IS TO AVOID POTENTIAL MISUNDERSTANDINGS OR DISPUTES WHEN THIS PLATFORM'S PRODUCTS OR MARKETING STRATEGIES MIGHT SEEM SIMILAR TO IDEAS SUBMITTED TO THIS PLATFORM. SO, PLEASE DO NOT SEND YOUR UNSOLICITED IDEAS TO THIS PLATFORM OR ANYONE AT THIS PLATFORM. IF, DESPITE OUR REQUEST THAT YOU NOT SEND US YOUR IDEAS AND MATERIALS, YOU STILL SEND THEM, PLEASE UNDERSTAND THAT THIS PLATFORM MAKES NO ASSURANCES THAT YOUR IDEAS AND MATERIALS WILL BE TREATED AS CONFIDENTIAL OR PROPRIETARY.
Programs.Online does, however, welcome your feedback regarding many areas of Programs.Online's offerings. If you want to send us feedback, we request that you submit it to email@example.com. Please provide only specific feedback on Programs.Online's existing products, services, and promotion/marketing strategies to this email address; do not send or provide any other submissions.
Any feedback you provide to Programs.Online will be deemed to be non-confidential and not proprietary. Programs.Online will be free to use and redistribute such information on an unrestricted basis, without any compensation to you.
Spam E-mail and Postings
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This Platform may run advertisements and promotions from third parties on the website. The manner, mode and extent of advertising by this Platform are subject to change. Your correspondence or business dealings with, or participation in promotions of, advertisers other than this Platform found on or through the website, including payment and delivery of related goods or services, and any other terms, conditions, warranties or representations associated with such dealings, are solely between you and such advertiser. This Platform is not responsible or liable for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as the result of any such dealings or as the result of the presence of such third-party advertisers on the website.
Community Code of Conduct
By engaging with Programs.Online's community, whether as a user or otherwise, you are contributing to a culture of collaboration, mutual support, and lifelong learning.
Programs.Online's Community Code of Conduct is enforced to foster a productive learning environment for you and your fellow students and alumni.The Community Code of Conduct is in place with the priority of preserving:
- Your safety
- Your privacy
- Respect among community members
- Cultivate a positive, supportive learning environment
- Communicate respectfully and considerately with all users and Programs.Online staff
- Not share content that is obscene, illicit, threatening, or discriminatory
- Contribute constructively to discussions with fellow community members
- Notify Programs.Online immediately if you become aware of Honor Code or community violations at firstname.lastname@example.org
Inappropriate, harassing, abusive, discriminatory, derogatory, or violent comments or conduct.
Offensive comments related to gender or gender identity, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, religion, national origin, disability or disease.
- Distributing inappropriate images:
Use of sexual, violent, graphic, or derogatory images.
Deliberate intimidation, threats of violence, violent language, or other language (e.g., comments on physical appearance), designed to intimidate, degrade, or shame another person.
- Sexual harassment:
Unwelcome sexual attention.
- Self-injury or Suicide:
Postings in any of our communities that encourage self-injury or suicide. If you or someone you know is exhibiting signs of self-injury or suicide, please find help at the Suicide Prevention Lifeline in the U.S. and Befrienders.org globally.
- Other harmful conduct:
Obscene, fraudulent, indecent, or libelous acts that defame, abuse, harass, discriminate against or threaten others.
Termination of Rights
Programs.Online respects the rights and intellectual property of others, and we ask our Users to do the same. If you believe that your product or other work has been misrepresented or used in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, or your intellectual property rights have been otherwise violated, please provide Programs.Online's Copyright Agent with the following information:
- A description of the product, work or other intellectual property that you claim has been misrepresented or infringed;
- A description of where and/or specific link to the material that you claim is misrepresenting or infringing your product, work or other intellectual property is located on the Online Courses;
- Your address, telephone number, and email address;
- A statement by you that you have a good faith belief that the disputed use is not authorized by the owner of the product, work, copyright or intellectual property, or its agent, or applicable law; and
- A statement by you, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information in your notice is accurate and that you are the product, work, copyright or intellectual property owner or authorized to act on such owner's behalf; and
- An electronic or physical signature of the person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the product, copyright or other intellectual property interest.
Programs.Online's Copyright Agent for notices of disputes or claims of copyright or other intellectual property infringement can be reached on email@example.com.
Legal Disputes and Arbitration Agreement Please Read This Following Clause Carefully – It May Significantly Affect Your Legal Rights, Including Your Right to File a Lawsuit in Court.
Initial Dispute Resolution We are available by email at firstname.lastname@example.org to address any concerns you may have regarding these Terms or your use of the Services. Most concerns may be quickly resolved in this manner. Each of you and we agree to use best efforts to settle any dispute, claim, question, or disagreement directly through consultation and good faith negotiations which shall be a precondition to either party initiating a lawsuit or arbitration.
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- Classroom only